Amongst the Baltic States, Estonia is the smallest country with a population of 1.7 million. Tallinn is the capital of the country and is a small city having about half a million inhabitants. The city of the Danes, as the word Tallinn means, tells the story if the country’s history. At present, Tallinn is full of people of many nationalities and this old Hansa city is surrounded by a 2.5 kilometers of stone wall, which dates back to the Middle Ages. Tallinn offers its visitors with many museums, small restaurants and galleries displaying new Estonian Art. The town is known for its international yachting events of the 1980 Olympic Games. The National Singing Stadium, on the outskirts of the city, holds world renowned song festivals, which is one of the attractions for the tourists in Estonia.
Estonia is a low lying country with forests, lakes and many rivers, most of which are draining into the Gulf of Finland to the north or eastward into Lake Peipus, its largest lake. Being separated by the narrow Gulf of Finland with Finland, it has strong cultural and linguistic ties with the country. When you visit Estonia, you will see the old soviet army barracks of the yester years, which was once off-limits even to the Estonian themselves. You will also find the modern Estonia, which is presently a member of the European Union, where 67% of its citizens voted in favour of joining the Union.
Estonia has a very short summer and a long winter, which have made Estonia in into two different countries. People living in Estonia have two different lives – a summer and a winter one. The winter which sets in October, plunges the country into darkness and the light does not appear till March. During November and December all light disappears and at midday there is a short period when of daylight. Night once again draws in by three o’clock in the afternoon.
Nostalgia is one that reflects in the lives of the Estonians with uniting qualities. This is the theme that has appeared time and again in their poetry and folk songs. Estonian culture has grown on the line dividing the Eastern and Western Europe. This has happened through centuries. There are number of small region within Estonia, where the people have distinct variation of the mostly homogeneous culture in the country. Amongst these regions, the most notable is Setumaa, which is located in the southeastern of the country and was, in previous times, separated from Estonia for a long period of time. The people here developed a culture strong