Recently, there have been several controversies about the legality of the Health Care Law and many Americans are confused as to whether the law was actually constitutionally passed or whether there was a flaw in the way it was passed. What are the basics of how federal laws are passed? Is the Health Care Law, indeed, constitutional and was it was correctly passed?
How Federal Laws Get Passed
For a bill to become public law, a motion or bill needs to be introduced either into the House of Representatives or in the Senate. The bill is either sponsored by an individual member of the two law making houses or it may be co-sponsored by several members. Once introduced, it is handed over to a committee that gets further details and information on the bill and eventually votes before returning the bill to the house where it was introduced. The bill is then debated on and finally, a vote is taken and if the bill passes by a majority vote, it is forwarded to the alternative law making entity – The Senate bill to the House of Representatives and vice versa. The other house debates and may make adjustments to the bill. A vote is then taken and if the majority pass it, it is adopted by the house. If the two bills are different due to amendments, then one of the houses must accept the version of the other house. Once there is a consensus on the law to be passed, the bill is sent to the president for signing. The president can either veto or accept the bill. If he or she signs the bill, the bill becomes public law.
The Passing of the Health Care law